2.4.1 Defined Values

A floating-point number is defined in the following manner:

sign value E exponent

Where sign is plus or minus, value is the value of the number, and exponent is the value of the exponent.

The following values are defined with the `#define` directive. These values are implementation-specific, but may not be any lower than what is given here. Note that in all instances `FLT` refers to type float, `DBL` refers to double, and `LDBL` refers to long double.

`FLT_ROUNDS`Defines the way floating-point numbers are rounded.

 `-1` indeterminable `0` toward zero `1` to nearest `2` toward positive infinity `3` toward negative infinity
`FLT_RADIX 2`Defines the base (radix) representation of the exponent (i.e. base-2 is binary, base-10 is the normal decimal representation, base-16 is Hex).
`FLT_MANT_DIG DBL_MANT_DIG LDBL_MANT_DIG `Defines the number of digits in the number (in the `FLT_RADIX` base).
`FLT_DIG 6 DBL_DIG 10 LDBL_DIG 10 `The maximum number decimal digits (base-10) that can be represented without change after rounding.
`FLT_MIN_EXP DBL_MIN_EXP LDBL_MIN_EXP `The minimum negative integer value for an exponent in base FLT_RADIX.
`FLT_MIN_10_EXP -37 DBL_MIN_10_EXP -37 LDBL_MIN_10_EXP -37 `The minimum negative integer value for an exponent in base 10.
`FLT_MAX_EXP DBL_MAX_EXP LDBL_MAX_EXP `The maximum integer value for an exponent in base FLT_RADIX.
`FLT_MAX_10_EXP +37 DBL_MAX_10_EXP +37 LDBL_MAX_10_EXP +37 `The maximum integer value for an exponent in base 10.
`FLT_MAX 1E+37 DBL_MAX 1E+37 LDBL_MAX 1E+37 `Maximum finite floating-point value.
`FLT_EPSILON 1E-5 DBL_EPSILON 1E-9 LDBL_EPSILON 1E-9 `Least significant digit representable.
`FLT_MIN 1E-37 DBL_MIN 1E-37 LDBL_MIN 1E-37 `Minimum floating-point value.