2.13.2.4 strtod

Declaration:

double strtod(const char *str, char **endptr);

The string pointed to by the argument str is converted to a floating-point number (type double). Any initial whitespace characters are skipped (space, tab, carriage return, new line, vertical tab, or formfeed). The number may consist of an optional sign, a string of digits with an optional decimal character, and an optional e or Efollowed by a optionally signed exponent. Conversion stops when the first unrecognized character is reached.

The argument endptr is a pointer to a pointer. The address of the character that stopped the scan is stored in the pointer that endptr points to.

On success the converted number is returned. If no conversion can be made, zero is returned. If the value is out of range of the type double, then HUGE_VAL is returned with the appropriate sign and ERANGE is stored in the variable errno. If the value is too small to be returned in the type double, then zero is returned andERANGE is stored in the variable errno.