int atoi(const char *str
The string pointed to by the argument str is converted to an integer (type
int). Any initial whitespace characters are skipped (space, tab, carriage return, new line, vertical tab, or formfeed). The number may consist of an optional sign and a string of digits. Conversion stops when the first unrecognized character is reached.
On success the converted number is returned. If the number cannot be converted, then
0 is returned.